the biggest of the big
The top 20 infrastructure megaprojects around the world:
High Speed 2, England: US$45.6 billion. The
United Kingdom plans to create a high-speed
railway connecting London and the West
Midlands and linking London, northern England
Vogtle Nuclear Power Plant Units 3 and 4,
USA: US$14.4 billion. This U.S. power plant
has begun construction of two additional
Gorgon Liquefied Natural Gas, Australia:
US$37 billion. The megaproject will provide
gas and liquefied natural gas through the
creation of a series of pipelines and a domestic
2016 Rio Olympics, Brazil: US$14 billion.
Rio de Janeiro is hosting the Summer Olympic
Games and will begin construction of venues
as well as the Olympic Village, which houses
South Stream Pipeline, Russia: US$20 billion.
A gas pipeline stretching from Russia, through
the Black Sea, to the coast of Bulgaria will
supply natural gas to the region.
Green Power Express, USA: US$12 billion.
ITC Transmission is creating a series of high-voltage electric transmission lines using wind
and other renewable resources.
London Crossrail, England: US$25.5 billion.
This railway system under central London will
connect existing routes and provide additional
transport for the commuter rail.
Jinghu High Speed Railway, China: US$12 billion. Connecting the economic zones of the
Bohai Sea Rim and Yangtze River Delta, the
new high-speed railway is expected to open
next year. Some estimates say the budget has
grown to US$32 billion.
GCC Rail, United Arab Emirates: US$25
billion. This high-speed Gulf Cooperation
Council rail system runs from Kuwait to Oman,
linking six nations.
Nord Stream, Switzerland: US$12 billion.
Running from Russia through the Baltic Sea,
this pipeline aims to supply 26 million homes in
Europe with natural gas.
Masdar City, United Arab Emirates: US$22
billion. Abu Dhabi’s project to create a city
reliant entirely on renewable energy will also
include a focus on clean technologies.
Izmir-Istanbul Highway, Turkey: US$11 billion.
Creation of this highway system between Izmir
and Gebze in Istanbul is expected to reduce
travel time by half.
NextGen Air Traffic Control System, USA:
US$20 billion. Tweaks to the national air transportation system include reducing environmental impact and increasing national security.
Nabucco Pipeline, Turkey: US$11 billion.
This natural gas pipeline will connect Turkey
and Austria via Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania.
Rio-Sao Paulo-Campinas High Speed Rail, Brazil: US$20 billion. Brazil plans to build a high-speed rail system to connect Sao Paulo and Rio
de Janeiro, its two biggest cities.
Trans-Saharan Gas Pipeline, Algeria: US$10
billion. A natural gas pipeline running from
Nigeria to Algeria is expected to open by 2015,
diversifying European natural gas sources.
Round 3 Wind Farm Zone, England: US$18
billion. The United Kingdom has begun an effort
to use offshore wind power to deliver electricity to nearly a quarter of the country.
Al Maktoum International Airport, United Arab
Emirates: US$8.1 billion. This travel and commerce hub opened in June 2010.
Port of Qingdao, China Expansion: US$15
billion. Located on the Yellow Sea, this seaport
is China’s second largest. The megaproject
involves a new dock and renovations to the
20 Mexico 7th National Refinery, Mexico: US$7 billion. Pemex, a state-run energy company,
plans to open a new oil refinery.