A Canadian television producer makes the
first attempt at instant replay on the program
Hockey Night in Canada. After filming a
television screen’s live broadcast of a goal,
the producer rapidly develops the film and
rebroadcasts the goal minutes later.
The first true instant replay is broadcast on
the U.S. TV network CBS after a touchdown
scored during a U.S. college football game.
The National Football League launches an
instant replay system to aid referees. After
team owners complain about too many game
delays, it is ended in 1991. (A revised system
launches in 1999.)
Europe’s rugby Super League introduces video
replays to review referees’ calls.
The International Rugby Board allows referees
on the field to consult a “video referee” during
rugby union matches.
The United States’ National Basketball Association approves the use of instant replay to
review shots made in the final seconds of play.
Hawk-Eye, a technology that tracks a ball’s
trajectory, makes its Grand Slam tennis tour-
nament debut at the U.S. Open. The following
year, major tennis tournaments around the
world adopt Hawk-Eye to more accurately
determine where balls hit the court.
The United States’ Major League Baseball
begins using instant replay to determine
contested home runs.
The Board of Control for Cricket in India
allows players to appeal an umpire’s call by
calling for a video review.
The World Cup tournament features the use
of a goal-line technology (GoalControl)
for the first time.