Zoos and Aquariums (AZA), a global nonpro;t. Regulations set by AZA and
other related global organizations provide a requirements baseline at which all
zoo project teams must start, Mr. Janikowski says.
But project teams often must go beyond regulations—and to extremes—to
manage requirements. For example, the sponsor of an ambitious US$900 million project to build a new government-owned zoo in Doha, Qatar gave Mr.
Janikowski a tall order: no desert animals. His team had to think creatively about
how to keep animals from other regions of the world cool. He assembled a team
of experts in animal care, horticulture, water management, sustainable building
specialties and security, along with local project managers and engineers.
;e result: ;e zoo will include a drive-through safari and a boat ride through
arti;cial water caves 17 feet ( 5 meters) underground where visitors will ;oat
past jaguars and other animals in enclosures carved out of limestone. “;e heat
is why we buried a lot of buildings, and we created a lot of natural shade with
trees and angled structures,” he says. ;e team also implemented gray water
systems to meet strict water use requirements and designed the enclosures
to be long and narrow, giving animals the freedom to roam while still keeping them visible to visitors.
For Mr. Tanner’s teams, innovative project planning drives solutions needed for creating natural spaces. To ;ne-tune new habitats
to an animal’s liking, he challenges and inspires teams to generate
creative, low-cost ideas. For instance, a team came up with the
idea of using a zip line to deliver food into an African wild dog
enclosure—a system that requires the animals (which hunt in packs
in the wild) to work together to bring the hanging meal down.
“It’s more challenging for them and replicates how they would hunt in the
wild,” Mr. Tanner says. By taking an animal-;rst approach to innovation, the
team feels empowered to generate small solutions that can have a big impact.
“It’s not just about providing food and water; it’s about giving the animals
choices that enrich their lives,” he says.
If you’ve got a one in a million chance of something going wrong and 10
million visitors a year, that’s 10 safety issues per year. You can’t have that.”
—Patrick Janikowski, PJA Architects, Seattle, Washington, USA
Artist rendering of a new
zoo in Doha, Qatar